European Patent Office
The European Patent Office opened in Munich in June 1978. Although it was one of the outcomes of the European Patent Convention (1973), the decision to build the office in Munich had already been taken in 1972, with a controversial abstention of the UK. The EPO was created as an agency outside of the EU and it accompanied the rapidly accelerating development of intellectual property both regionally and internationally. It also massively influenced the lives of those working on intellectual property in Britain. For instance, some English barristers such as Gerald Paterson, Raph Lunzer, Bruce Cawthra, Gillian Davies and Kevin Garnett decided to move to Germany to continue their careers. While the impact of the European Patent Convention can easily be appreciated in the Patents Act (1977), a more persuasive influence and tensions generated by EPO decisions can also be observed in landmark decisions such as Biogen v Medeva (1996).
 
Further references:
 
‘Waffling Through’ New Scientist, 17 October 1974, pp. 163-164
 
G Paterson, The European Patent System (Sweet & Maxwell, 1992)
European Patent Office